Hazrat Allam Qari Hafiz Muhammed MuslehUddin Alaihi Rehma

Muhammad Muslehuddin Siddiqui (1918-1983) (Urdu محمد مصلح الدین صدیقی), was a Sufi leader of Hyderabad. He was born on 11th day of Rabi' al-awwal 1336AH, corresponding to 27 December 1918, at the time of true dawn in Nander, Hyderabad deccan. His father was Ghulam Jilani, an Islamic Scholar. He spent his life preaching Islam, and served the Barelvi movement until his death. [1]

Education

Under the supervision of his father Ghulam Jilani, he memorized the Quran before the age of 14. He then received Dastaar[clarification needed] from Muhammad Abdul Aziz Muhaddis Mubarakpuri.[2]

On the suggestion of Muhammad Abdul Aziz Muhaddis Mubarakpuri at the age of 17 years (1935 AD) he went to Ahle-Sunnat's[clarification needed] prominent Darul-uloom Ashrafiya university in Mubarakpur Azamgarh Uttar Pradesh, where he got studied fiqh, hadith and other Islamic subjects. His teachers were Abdul Azeez Mubarakpuri, Maulana Sanaullah Azami, and Maulana Muhammad Suleman Bhagalpoori. He was in one of the gathered students there who have the thirst of Islamic Education, he took the education from all the masters in each field hence resulting in command of that specific field. After 8 years spending at this university he then travelled with Maulana Abdul Azeez Mubarakpuri in 1943 to Nagpur and received Dastaar-e-Fazeelat from different Mashaikh and Scholars including Hujjatul Islam Maulana Hamid Raza Khan, Ibn-e-Ali Fazil Barelvi, Sadrush Sharia Maulana Hakeem Muhammad Amjad Ali Azami (Author of Bahar-e-Shariat), Sheikhul Hadees Manzar Islam Barelvi, Maulana Abdul Azeez Mubarakpuri, Muhaddis-e-Azam Maulana Syed Muhammad Jeelani Ashrafi Kachochwi, Maulana Muhammad Suleman Bhaglpuri, Maulana Muhammad Sanaullah Azami, these all were no doubt unmatchable scholars of Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat, from whom he received knowledge and wisdom [3]

 

Muslim scholar

Name:

Muhammad Muslehuddin Siddiqui Qadri Razavi

Title:

Qari, Sheikh, Hafiz

Birth:

1336 AH, 1918 AD

Death:

1403 AH, 1983 AD in Karachi
Region: Islam

Maddhab:

Sunni Hanafi Barelvi
Influences: Abdul Qadir Jilani, Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi, Hafiz-e-Millat Abdul Azeez Mubarakpoori
Influenced: Shah Turabul Haq , Abul Azeem (Bangladesh)
 

Activities in Nagpur

In 1943 AD, When he was in Nagpur, he lead one Friday prayer and delivered a sermon (khutba), people who offered Friday prayer after him were inspired by his knowledge and his love for the prophet Mohammed. They requested him to be the khatib there. Siddiqui accepted their request and continued to deliver Friday Sermon and led prayer, he used to teach Arabic language in a local school, "Anjuman Islamia High School" and also founded an organization named "Jamiat Tulba-e-Ahle Sunnat.

[] Bay'ah and Khilafah

After attaining education, he then diverted his intention towards gaining spiritual education, when he shown his interest in this regard to his teacher Maulana Shah Muhammad Abdul Azeez Mubarakpuri, he took him on decided time to Ghosi District Azamgarh, to meet Sadrush Sharia Maulana Hakeem Muhammad Amjad Ali Azami, who came on leave to his hometown Ghosi from Madarsa Manzar Islam Bareli. He then learnt few topics of Sahih Bukhari from Sadrush Sharia and after Asar Prayer he then entered Qari Muslehuddin in his Bay'ah, this incident occurred approximately during 1358 AH.[4]

At the age of 29, in 1946 AD Qari Muslehuddin went to Nagpur, India, and in a congregation of Naat Khuwani, his master Sadrush Sharia Maulana Hakeem Muhammad Amjad Ali Azami asked him to recite Naat which he followed and recited Naat of Maulana Jami. Sadrush Sharia Maulana Hakeem Muhammad Amjad Ali Azami was also crying and during naat he conferred khilafah upon Qari Muslehuddin thus giving him the legitimacy to speak on behalf of the Qadri Order.[5]

In 1376 AH Mufti Aazam Hind Maulana Mustafa Raza Khan also conferred Khilafah to him and in 1955AD during his first Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) Qutub-e-Madinah Allama Shah Ziauddin Madani conferred Khilafah to him in Qadri Order.

[] Spiritual Chain

As Siddiqui has the khilafah in the Qadri order, his spiritual chain connect to the Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, as mentioned below and known as Silsila Aaliya Qadiriya Razawiya

[] Morality and Attributes

The personality of Qari Muslehuddin was itself witness to his Islamic beliefs. He had a special attribute towards Ghaus-e-Azam Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, he always wrote Qadri at the end of his name, he always obeyed Allah and followed sunnah. Siddiqui spent 40 years serving and preaching Islam. He had special devotion towards saints of Islam, he therefore regularly visited mausoleum of awlias (saints), and he used to discuss their teachings, and of course he was the envoy of their teachings.

He spent ascetic life, remained well dressed, he used to wear Sherwani and Amamah (turban or Dastar), hundred thousands of people were inspired by his spiritual personality, his spiritual influence was so dominant, that wealthier and prosperous people feel proud to stay at his doorstep. He use to remain in wazaif and consider to help needy ones as his responsibility.[6]

[] Pakistan Movement

During the Pakistan Movement, Siddiqui was among the scholars who sided with Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the Muslim League, under the platform of “All India Sunni Conference″ held at Banaras in 1946. As such, he played a role in the creation of Pakistan on August 14, 1947.[7]

[] Migration to Pakistan

After the princely state of Hyderabad was invaded by India in 1949, Siddiqui migrated to Pakistan by ship and continued his work in Karachi.

[] Activities in Pakistan

After migration, with assistance of Mufti Zafar Ali Nomani, he was appointed as Khateeb in Akhond Masjid Kharadar, where he delivered sermon for about 19 years, during this he was also appointed as Mudarris in Darul ulloom Amjadya ( A prominent University of Sunni School in Karachi) where he used to teach Tafsir, Hadis, Fiqh and Usul al-fiqh, Tajwid, etc, he remained here for about 18 years.

During this he came to know through Allama Sardar Ahmad that there is a need of Khateeb for the Jama Masjid of Wah Cantt, and he received a number of telegrams from different scholars of nearby areas, they all wanted Qari Muslehuddin to come over here, people of different schools applied for this vacancy but Qari Muslehuddin was selected by the jury after listening his sermon. He used to address Dars-e-Quran after Magrib Prayer and Dars-e-Hadis in the morning, moreover he used to deliver Khutba for Friday Prayer. He remained here for one and a half year, during his presence congregation continued to increase due to which Government of Pakistan bought additional 35,000 tents to fulfill the needs, it was estimated that for about 18,000 to 19,000 people used to attend his Friday Sermon.

After one and half year he then travelled back to Karachi due to some personal problems[clarification needed] and joined his previously left position of Khatib in Akhond Masjid situated in Kharadar, people were weeping when he left Wah Cantt, soon after this he was then requested to join Khori Garden Masjid situated at Jodia Bazar, since it was an ample place. He continued to serve humanity and Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat till his demise at Khori Garden Masjid.[8]

Work for Darul Uloom

During his Khitabat ak Akhond Masjid, he joined Darul uloom Mazharya located at Aram Bagh, and taught there for about 2 to 4 years, and after the Wah Cantt journey he then joined Darul Uloom Amjadya ( a prominent university of Sunni school). Despite of teaching here, he always gathered donation in lacs for not only Darul uloom amjadya but for many different Sunni Madarsa. He always morally supported many Sunni departments including Idara Tehqeeqat-e-Imam Ahmad Raza.

He also corresponded to “Madarsa Qadriya" located in Baghdad, Iraq, to send many Pakistani students for higher studies.[8]

[] Writings

Qari Muslehuddin issued various fatwa during his stay in Wah Cantt which were published in several magazines. He also translated collection of hadith, namely al-Tirmidhi but this remained incomplete due to his severe illness.

[] Ijazah of Qadri Order

Qari Muslehuddin conferred Khilafah to :

[] Demise

When Siddiqui was asked about his last wish, he always answered that his last wish is to pass from this world with Islamic Faith, hence on 7th day of Jumada al-Thani 1403 AH, corresponding to March 23, 1983, at the time of noon, he felt severe illness, and started to recite Kalimah and Durood, and while carrying him to Jinnah Hospital, Karachi in the ambulance, at approximately 4:30 PM Siddiqui died due to heart attack at the age of 67 years, thousands of people attended his funeral, which was lead by Akhtar Raza.[9] His Mazar is adjacent to Khori Garden Masjid, which is now called “Memon Masjid Muslehuddin Garden″ located at Jodia Bazar Kharadar, Karachi.[1]

Mazar Qari Muslehuddin Siddiqui

[] Urs

Fatiha for Siddiqui is performed on every 7th day of Islamic Month in his mazar[2], and his urs is celebrated in the Islamic month of Jumada al-Thani [3] every year, and attended by thousands, lead by Syed Shah Turab-ul-Haq Qadri, the Khalifa of Siddiqui, which include Naat Khuwani, Salat o Salam and Manqabat, after the Urs, food is dedicated to the attendees.

 

[] References

  1. ^ Tazkira-e-Qari Muslehuddin - Professor Jalaluddin Ahmad Noori (Karachi University)
  2. ^ Tazkira-e-Qari Muslehuddin - Page 2 - Professor Jalaluddin Ahmad Noori (Karachi University)
  3. ^ Tazkira-e-Qari Muslehuddin - Page 4 - Professor Jalaluddin Ahmad Noori (Karachi University)
  4. ^ Tazkira-e-Qari Muslehuddin - Page 4 - Professor Jalaluddin Ahmad Noori (Karachi University)
  5. ^ Irfan-e-Manzil - Darul Kutub Hanfia Kharadar Karachi - 1984
  6. ^ Tazkira-e-Qari Muslehuddin - Page 6/7 - Professor Jalaluddin Ahmad Noori (Karachi University)
  7. ^ Allama Syed Shah Turabul Haq Qadri - Khalifa of Qari Muslehuddin
  8. ^ a b An interview with Qari Muslehuddin - Irfan-e-Manzil - Darul Kutub Hanfia Kharadar Karachi - 1984
  9. ^ Daily Jang Newspaper - April 1983AD

ChieF Petron Hazrat Allama Syed Shah Turabul Haq Qadri

Muhtamim: Allama Syed Shah Abdul Haq Qadri

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